We recently published an article on trees storing carbon. (You can read it HERE.) Today, we’d like to talk about trees fighting air pollution. This is important to everyone in the vicinity of trees; as someone pointed out when requesting we address this issue, “We all need to breathe!”
Trees clean the air in two important ways:
- They absorb polluting gases from the air, including carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, and sulfur dioxide. Some trees also emit “volatile organic compounds,” but overall, a grove of trees has a net positive effect.
- Perhaps even more important in a city environment, trees capture particulate pollution on their leaves, especially tiny particles under 10 microns. These otherwise can stay suspended in the air, and people breathe them in. The particles trapped on the leaves can become airborne again, but more often they are washed to the ground in rain or fog-drip, and become part of the soil.
As you might expect, large trees fight urban pollution more than do smaller trees. The chart below is based on a data in the USDA 2007 publication, “San Francisco’s Urban Forest.” It shows the average amount of pollution (in ounces) removed by small, medium and large trees each year.
This is just one more reason that felling mature trees is bad for the urban environment. The small replacement saplings – even if they are planted in the same areas – will not have the same effect on air pollution.
(You can download the entire publication here as a 26-page PDF: SF Urban Forest fs fed US)